Reforms And Acts In India During British Period

After establishing the complete control over Indian territories, British taking firm steps to encourage trade, they found that the country is best suited not only for rule but also to intervene in its social system. In this regards, they took plethora of steps to ameliorate the social life of the people. Here, we are giving list of various reforms and acts during British period in India.

1.Prohibition of Sati and Femail infanticide 1829Lord William BentinckSupported By Raja Ram Mohan Roy
2.Indian Legislative Councils Act 1848Lord CanningEnvisaged association of Indians with the administration at high level.
3.Ilbert Bill 1883Lord RiponTo bring Indian and European magistracy an equal footing
4.Indian Legislative Councils Act 1892Lord LansdownMambership of the Canteral legislative councils was enlarged
5.Morley Minto Reforms 1901Lord Minto IISeparate electorates to widen the gulf between hindus and muslims
6.Indian Councils Act 1909Lord Minto II —-
7.Dyarchy 1919Lord ChelmsfordMeaning Dual system of government
8. Rowlatt Act 1919Lord ChelmsfordExtraordinary powers were given to government to suppress the freedom struggle with General Dyer as the Commandant..
9.Simon Commission 1928Lord IrwinTo report working of the reforms; recommended dyarchy in provinces, India to be constituted as a federnation and Indianization of armed forces
10.Gandhi Irwin Pact 1931Lord IrwinCongress called off the agitation and agree to participate in the second round table Conference.
11.Communal Award 1932Lord WellingdonEnvisaged communal representation for depressed classes besides Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs
12.Separate electrorates 1932Lord Wellingdon ———–
13.Government of India Act 1935Lord WellingdonProvides for a federal type of constitution
14.Cripps Mission 1942Lord LinlithgowProposed Dominion ststus for India after II World war
15.INA 1945Lord WavellINA prisoners of war were tried at Red Fort Delhi and Jawahar lal Nehru defended them.

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