Ranks In Indian Army

Indian Army is the largest volunteer army in the world. It is ranked as the third-largest army. Many of you want to join the Indian army. Through this article, we want to highlight the list of rank provided to the officers, JCO, NCO of the Indian Army. The information given in this article will be highly beneficial for various competitive exams like UPSC Prelims, SSC CHSL, SSC CGL, AFCAT, PCS, NDA, CDS, State Level exams and Railways. If you are defence aspirant and prepare for SSB interview, it is expected of you to at least know the rank structure of the organisation you want to join, also aspirants coming from defence background must know the ranks and insignia of Indian army.

The ranks of the Indian army are categorized into:-

  1. Commissioned officer
  2. Junior commissioned officer
  3. Non commissioned officer
  4. Soldiers
Ranks In Indian Army

Commissioned officer Officers of the Indian Army

Rank – Field Marshal

Insignia – National emblem over a crossed baton and saber in a lotus blossom wreath

The Field Marshal rank is the highest rank in the Indian Army. It is a ceremonial or wartime rank and Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw and Field Marshal KM Cariappa have been the only two officers to be elevated to the rank of Field Marshal.

Rank – General

Insignia – National emblem over a five-pointed star, both over a crossed baton and saber.

Apart from the honorary rank of Field Marshal, this is the highest rank held by an Army officer. It is only the Chief of Army Staff (COAS) who holds this rank.

Incumbent – General Bipin Rawat, COAS

Retirement – After 3 years as COAS or at the age of 62, whichever is earlier.

Rank – Lieutenant General

Insignia – National emblem over crossed baton and saber

Lieutenant generals are appointed only by selection (after 36 years of commissioned service and may hold the position of a Vice Chief of Army Staff or Army Commanders.

Retirement – At the age of 60

Rank – Major General

Insignia – Five-pointed star over crossed baton and saber Major Generals are promoted by selection (after 32 years of commissioned service).

Retirement – At the age of 58

Rank – Brigadier

Insignia – National emblem over three five-pointed stars in a triangular formation

Brigadiers are promoted by selection (after 25 years of commissioned service)

Retirement – At the age of 56

Rank – Colonel

Insignia – National emblem over two five-pointed stars

Colonels may be promoted by selection (after 15 years of commissioned service) or may be promoted (time-scale) after 26 years of commissioned service. Time-scale Colonels may, however, only hold the portfolio of a Lt. Colonel.

Retirement – At the age of 54

Rank – Lieutenant Colonel

Insignia – National emblem over five-pointed star

Time bound promotion on completion of 13 years commissioned service.

Rank – Major

Insignia – National emblem

Time bound promotion on completion of 6 years commissioned service.

Rank – Captain

Insignia – Three five-pointed stars

Time bound promotion on completion of 2 years commissioned service

Rank – Lieutenant

Insignia – Two five-pointed stars Rank achieved on commissioning into Indian Army as an Officer

Junior Commissioned Officers of the Indian Army

Rank – Subedar Major (Infantry) or Risaldar Major (Cavalry and Armoured Regiments)

Insignia – National emblem with stripe

Promotion by selection

Retirement – After 34 years service or at the age of 54, whichever is earlier.

Rank – Subedar (Infantry) or Risaldar (Cavalry and Armoured Regiments)

Insignia – Two stars with stripe

Promotion by selection

Retirement – After 30 years service or at the age of 52, whichever is earlier.

Rank – Naib Subedar (Infantry) or Naib Risaldar (Cavalry and Armoured Regiments)

Insignia – One star with stripe

Promotion by selection

Retirement – After 28 years service or at the age of 52, whichever is earlier.

Non-Commissioned Officers of the Indian Army

Rank – Havildar (Infantry) or Daffadar (Cavalry and Armoured Regiments)

Insignia – Three rank chevrons

Promotion by selection

Retirement – After 26 years service or at the age of 49, whichever is earlier

Rank – Naik (Infantry) or Lance Daffadar (Cavalry and Armoured Regiments)

Insignia – Two rank chevrons

Promotion by selection

Retirement – After 24 years service or at the age of 49, whichever is earlier

Rank – Lance Naik (Infantry) or Acting Lance Daffadar (Cavalry and Armoured Regiments)

Insignia – One rank chevron

Promotion by selection Retirement – After 22 years of service or at the age of 48, whichever is earlier.

Soldiers

Rank – Sepoy

Insignia – Plain shoulder badge

The Sepoys identify themselves according to the Corps that they serve in. For example, a sepoy from Signals will identify as Signalman, from Infantry as RIfleman and from the Armoured Corps as Gunner.

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